John VII Grammatikos

   Patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 837 (or 838) to 843. His Armenian family name was Morocharzianos; he was called Grammatikos (q.v.) out of respect for his learning. His career is intimately linked with the second period of Iconoclasm (815-843), for under Leo V (qq.v.) he helped to prepare the council of 815 that restored Iconoclasm. He became archimandrite (q.v.) of the monastery of Sergios and Bakchos in Constantinople (qq.v.), as well as tutor and influential advisor to Theophilos (q.v.). His combination of zeal and learning, in addition to his renowned debating skills, made him a formidable adversary of Iconophiles (q.v.) until his deposition and exile in 843, when veneration of icons (q.v.) was restored.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • John VII of Constantinople — John VII Grammatikos or Grammaticus , i.e., the Grammarian (Greek: Ιωάννης Ζ΄ Γραμματικός, Iōannēs VII Grammatikos ), Patriarch of Constantinople from January 21, 837 to March 4, 843, died before 867. He is not to be confused with the much… …   Wikipedia

  • Johannes VII. Grammatikos — Patriarch Johannes VII. Grammatikos löscht ein Christus Bild mit einem Schwamm aus. Im Hintergrund die Kreuzigung Jesu Christi. (Chludow Psalter, folio 67r) Johannes VII. Grammatikos oder Grammaticus (* 780; † vor 867, griechisch Ιωάννης Ζ ΄… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John the Grammarian —    See John VII Grammatikos …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • ИОАНН VII ГРАММАТИК — [Морохарзаний; греч. ᾿Ιωάννης (᾿Ιαννὴς) ὁ Γραμματικός] (кон. VIII в. ок. 863 (?)), патриарх К польский (21 янв. 837 4 марта 843). Происходил из арм. рода Морохарзаниев, представители к рого жили в К поле. И. Г. активно поддержал иконоборчество и… …   Православная энциклопедия

  • Methodios I of Constantinople — St. Methodios I or Methodius I (Greek: Μεθόδιος Α΄), (788/800 – June 14, 847) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from March 4, 843 to June 14, 847. He was born in Syracuse and died in Constantinople. His feast day is celebrated on June 14 …   Wikipedia

  • Archimandrite —    Administrator (also called a hegoumenos) of one or more monasteries (e.g, the group of monasteries on Mount Athos [q.v.]). Archimandrites of monasteries in or near Constantinople (q.v.) could be politically influential. For example, John (VII) …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Bryas —    Suburb of Constantinople across the Sea of Marmara (qq.v.), site of Theophilos s (q.v.) Bryas Palace, built around 837. Its design was based on the description of the Arab (q.v.) palaces that Patriarch John VII Grammatikos (qq.v.) had seen on… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Leo V the Armenian —    Emperor (q.v.) (813 820) of Armenian descent who inaugurated the second period of Iconoclasm (q.v.) in 815. John (VII) Grammatikos (q.v.) laid the groundwork for a local council in Constantinople (q.v.) that reinstated Iconoclasm in 815,… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Leo the Mathematician —    Teacher and scholar; also called Leo the Philosopher. He was a nephew (or cousin) of John VII Grammatikos and metropolitan of Thessalonike (qq.v.) from 840 843. However, his fame rested on his knowledge of philosophy (q.v.) and mathematics,… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Manuel —    Famous general who served under Michael I (q.v.) and three successive emperors (q.v.). When Theophilos (q.v.) came to power in 829 Manuel was falsely accused of plotting Theophilos s overthrow. He fled to the caliph Mamun (qq.v.), but… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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